Knee pain is the most common problem affecting people of all ages. In today’s world of an increasingly progressive society, people facing several knee problems day by day. Once, knee pain is more prevalent in elderly people in their ’50s, but due to various lifestyle habituated by today’s young and middle-aged men and women, knee pain has become a hindrance in their lives.
Most of the people try to opt for home remedies as the first line of treatment for their knee pain. But Dr. Ajay Tiwari, Orthopaedic and Joint Replacement Surgeon say that resting for some time, applying ice packs, compression, and elevation can give you temporary relief from the pain. For a permanent solution, you need to consult an expert orthopaedician.
There are several factors in our day to day life that can trigger knee pain. Of course, a wide variety of treatments has also been evolved to treat Knee pain. Let’s have a glance look at some of the causes of knee pain
Causes of Knee Pain
A lot of factors are responsible for the cause of knee pain. Obesity or being overweight is one of the most popular causes of knee pain in many people. Overuse of knee also makes your knee joints more prone to injuries. In general, knee pain can be acute, which is caused by a severe injury or infection or chronic often from injuries or due to inflammation like arthritis.
Knee Pain Due To Injuries
Knee injuries may affect your ligaments, tendons or fluid-filled sacs called bursae surrounding your knee joints. Severe injuries can damage your bones, cartilage and ligaments, which form the knee joint. Some other common knee injuries associated with knee pain include:
- ACL injuries
- Knee Fractures
- knee bursitis
- Torn meniscus
- Knee bursitis
- Patellar tendinitis
Knee Pain Due To Arthritis
Do you know more than 100 different arthritis types exist?
And unfortunately, some of the types most likely affects the knee, which includes:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Septic arthritis
- Baker cyst
- Cancers that spread to your lower limbs or begin in the legs.
- Osgood-Schlatter disease
- Infection in the knee bones
- Infection to the knee joints
- Iliotibial band syndrome.
- Jumper’s Knee
Patellofemoral pain syndrome is a condition where pain arises between the kneecap (patella) and the femur(underlying thighbone). It is more common in athletes and young adults. In addition to this dislocated knee cap, prior injuries, lack of muscle flexibility or strength, certain sporting activities etc. can also cause Knee pain.
Symptoms Of Knee Pain
The severity of knee pain varies depending on the location, type of the problem. Below are the symptoms that accompany knee pain which include:
- Swelling around the knee
- Redness and warmth to the touch
- Instability or weak knees
- Pop sound or crunching noises
- Inability to fully straighten the knee
Treatment For Knee Pain:
Different types of treatment are available and are based on the underlying cause of knee pain. These treatments include:
Initially, a doctor prescribes you certain medications that help to relieve you from knee pain. Some of these medications or drugs aim to treat underlying conditions like rheumatoid arthritis or gout etc.
Some doctors may recommend physical therapies or strengthening exercises to make your muscles around the knee more stable. These physical therapies and exercises are based on the cause of knee pain. These exercises also improve the flexibility and balance of your knee. Arch supports, wedges on one side of the heel for osteoarthritis patients, different braces for the knee in certain conditions can also help to protect and support your knee joint.
In some particular cases, medications or other substances are directly injected into you’re joint to treat knee pain. These injections help to treat underlying conditions causing knee pain.
- Corticosteroids injections
- Hyaluronic acid
- Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections
Not all knee pain conditions require surgery unless having an injury or severe conditions that require surgery. Doctors also don’t suggest for an operation immediately. They consider all the pros and cons of both nonsurgical and surgical procedures and provides you with the best treatment. The surgical options may include:
- Arthroscopic surgery
- Partial knee replacement(PKR) surgery
- Total knee replacement(TKR) Surgery
Facing any knee problem or wanted to know more information about different treatment options contact Dr. Ajay Tiwari, who has an immense 15+ years of experience as Orthopedic and Joint Replacement Surgeon. Book an appointment for top-class quality treatment for various knee problems.